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We unlock ultra-pure, high performing hydrocarbons from coal discard

Our patented technology unbinds pure hydrocarbons from coal waste, breaking it down into its elemental parts. Arq Fuels are purified microfine hydrocarbons, which are high-performing and high-value new sources of energy. By eliminating impurities, we have created a completely new category of energy products. This opens up valuable new market opportunities to sell our products as a component of liquid fuels and for specialised industrial processes. Our solution is radically different to previous attempts to convert coal into liquid fuels. We use advanced chemistry and a highly-efficient mechanical process to separate hydrocarbon from mineral matter. Arq Fuels are an ultra-low-cost alternative to conventional energy.

Making the world’s resources go further

Arq is using cutting-edge technology and scientific rigour to shake up the energy market. We strive to produce the lowest cost energy products, while cleaning up environmental liabilities, to make the world’s resources go further. We are neither a mining nor oil company, we take nothing out of the earth. We are technology-led innovators applying new processes to extract pure energy from the waste produced as result of coal mining. There are over 1 billion tonnes of coal waste discarded each year. That’s equivalent to throwing away over 5 million barrels of oil a day. Arq captures that lost energy, reducing an environmental problem and creating an entirely new source of energy.

The energy market’s greatest financial opportunity

Coal is the cheapest and most readily available energy source on earth. It’s also the dirtiest. While natural gas and oil are 99.9% pure when used, coal is often only 60-70% hydrocarbon — the rest being water and mineral matter. This impurity means oil has consistently been valued at three to nine times higher (based on a unit of energy) than coal for the past 15 years. Our ability to close the difference in the value of a unit of energy produced by coal compared to gas or oil is the greatest financial opportunity in today’s energy market — worth a staggering $2 trillion per annum to the industry. What’s even better, is that we can achieve this while helping to clean up a major environmental problem.

The process

Arq Technology is at the cutting edge of scientific innovation. Through a combination of advanced chemistry and highly efficient mechanical techniques, we are able to break down and process residual coal discard, successfully separating pure hydrocarbon from mineral waste.
Our process enables us to harness a previously inaccessible source of energy. Over 99% pure hydrocarbon, this new fuel provides a cleaner and more economically viable alternative to traditional products, while helping to mitigate the dangers of coal waste management.

Products

Arq Fuel™ is sustainably produced from coal waste, helping to reduce the environmental impact of the coal mining industry. Arq Fuel has a low-cost manufacturing process means that significantly reduces energy costs.
When blended, Arq Fuel is very stable and has conventional combustion characteristics. Arq Fuel is produced from coal sourced from some of the world’s leading coal producers, ensuring a secure and very scalable supply. Arq Fuel is a low sulphur blending component which enhances the end product by improved stability and increased flash point.

Arq Fuel™ - a microfine hydrocarbon

Arq Fuel Oil™ is a microfine purified hydrocarbon product for blending with residual fuel oil for the utility market to meet the main specification parameters in internationally recognised standards.

Arq Marine™ is a microfine purified hydrocarbon product for blending with bunker fuel for the marine market to meet the main specification parameters in internationally recognised standards. The Arq research and technology team is currently working with specialist partners in development of Arq Crude™ a microfine hydrocarbon product for blending with crude oil to maximise profitability for oil refineries.

Arq Met® & Arq Thermal® are solid hydrocarbons

Arq Met is a high-quality solid refined hydrocarbon pellet for blending with metallurgical coals to enhance product performance in the steel-making process.

Arq Thermal is a high-performance solid purified hydrocarbon pellet for blending with thermal coals to increase efficiency and reduce emissions for energy utilities companies.

Arq Met® & Arq Thermal® are solid hydrocarbons

Arq Met is a high-quality solid refined hydrocarbon pellet for blending with metallurgical coals to enhance product performance in the steel-making process.

Arq Thermal is a high-performance solid purified hydrocarbon pellet for blending with thermal coals to increase efficiency and reduce emissions for energy utilities companies.

Benefits

  • Reducing the operational cost for industry, power generation and transportation.
  • A stable and reliable performance across the full product range.
  • Limiting the environmental impact of the coal industry, reducing lifecycle greenhouse gases associated with the process.

Marketing details

Arq Fuel is exclusively marketed by Vitol, one of the world’s largest distributors of energy.

Contact a global Vitol representative

Europe +44 20 7973 4200
ArqFuelMarketingLondon@vitol.com

Asia +65 6737 9922
ArqFuelMarketingAsia@vitol.com

ME +973 172 1885
ArqFuelMarketingMiddleEast@vitol.com

USA+1 713 230 1000
ArqFuelMarketingHouston@vitol.com

Marketing details

Arq Fuel is exclusively marketed by Vitol, one of the world’s largest distributors of energy.

Contact a global Vitol representative

Europe +44 20 7973 4200
ArqFuelMarketingLondon@vitol.com

Asia +65 6737 9922
ArqFuelMarketingAsia@vitol.com

ME +973 172 1885
ArqFuelMarketingMiddleEast@vitol.com

USA+1 713 230 1000
ArqFuelMarketingHouston@vitol.com

Our projects

Corbin project

We are currently in the construction phase of the Corbin Project, located adjacent to the town of Corbin, Kentucky and will produce just over 1 million tonnes of Arq Fuel over 12 years. The second phase will produce a further 7 million tonnes of Arq Fuel.

This product will be offered into the markets by Vitol, our exclusive marketing partner, for blending into oil products used for power generation, industry and transportation.

Other projects

As well as the several sites we own and control, we have an ongoing programme to identify new sites and supply side partnerships which will most benefit from our technology. These include several international partnership agreements with some of the world’s leading coal companies. These also include independent sites, whose acquisition will help secure our product for the future.

Other projects

As well as the several sites we own and control, we have an ongoing programme to identify new sites and supply side partnerships which will most benefit from our technology. These include several international partnership agreements with some of the world’s leading coal companies. These also include independent sites, whose acquisition will help secure our product for the future.

Key stats

  • +

    coal discard sites in the United States.

  • bn

    tonnes of coal discard produced worldwide every year.

  • %

    of Saudi Arabia’s reserves is the equivalent energy trapped in global slurry lakes.

  • %

    pure hydrocarbon released by Arq from coal mining discard.

  • $tn

    market opportunity.

Bringing together the very best

We have assembled an exceptional team of industry leaders from technology, science, energy and finance.
We are focusing this unique range of expertise on answering one question: how can we make the best possible use of the planet’s resources?

Julian McIntyre

Founder and CEO

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Richard Campbell-Breeden

Chairman

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R. William West

President

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Michael Treanor

MD International Business

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Paul Groves

COO

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Venkat Siva

CFO

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Coy K. Lane

Head of Operations US

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John Unsworth

Scientific & Technical Advisor

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Tom Tudor

Head of Brand & Communications

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Anthony Nathan

International Business Development

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www.weareArq.com

We are Arq, and we understand that our ideas are nothing without the determination to make them happen.

We’re one team, which doesn’t mean we always agree, but we’re all optimistic about our long-term goal to make better use of the world’s energy resources; cleaning up environmental liabilities and innovating to improve the products we offer.

We’re guided by 3 basic principles.

– There’s always a better way
– We’re in it together
– We get stuff done

www.weareArq.com

Transforming energy for the people and the planet

With limited reserves of fossil fuels and sustainable energy not yet widespread, the way we use energy needs a fundamental rethink. Getting more from less is the future of good energy. Arq makes hydrocarbons go further. We take waste out of energy processes, to enhance value for everyone, and to make better use of the world’s resources. Before Arq, coal waste was a major environmental problem. Now, we’re using and reducing that liability to create an extremely cheap and abundant source of refined hydrocarbon fuels. Arq Technology is moving towards a sustainable future: energy unbound.

White Paper

In this first White Paper: ‘Microfine hydrocarbon: a novel approach to upgrading coal into higher-value oil products,’ Arq outlines the process it has developed for manufacturing microfine hydrocarbon from coal and coal discard. Arq’s radical new approach for blending coal into liquid fuel oils overcomes the challenges of the past in upgrading coil waste. This is achieved at capital and operational expenditures that are orders of magnitude lower than any previous attempt. The White Paper establishes the commercial viability of Arq Fuels™, and evidences how both Arq Fuel Oil™ and Arq Marine™ meet the relevant technical specifications for entry into the stationary and marine RFO markets. Download the White paper

FAQs

The Arq process is an entirely new approach to the energy industry’s largest arbitrage: converting low-value coal hydrocarbons into high-value oil hydrocarbons. Unlike previous attempts, the Arq Technology is mechanical and converts coal into a micro-fine powder that can be blended into oil at a low cost.

Arq has developed a ground-breaking technology that converts coal waste and coal into a microfine hydrocarbon powder (Arq Fuel™) that can be blended into oil products. Arq is a processing and technology business that will build and control a series of plants through joint ventures with coal and oil companies.

There are 5 basic stages to the Arq process –

Reclamation: Arq receives coal feedstock at a mine site, either as coal waste or as mined coal. The coal industry currently disposes of fine particle coal (>500million tonnes per annum), which has an associated cost and liability. Arq is able to secure access to feedstock on highly advantageous terms.

Micro sizing: The Arq process reduces the coal into very fine particles (less than 10 microns) through a series of milling and grinding steps.

Micro-sizing and separation: The fine particle coal is pumped into water-based separation columns, where the hydrocarbons rise to the top (they are hydrophobic) and the mineral impurities fall to the bottom (they are hydrophilic). The separated hydrocarbons are now 99% pure.

Drying: The hydrocarbons are then partially dried through a mechanical press to create a wet cake (50% moisture) that is suitable for shipping. The cake is shipped to an oil terminal (in trains or ships), where final drying occurs to create a fine powder.

Blending: The micro-fine powder is then blended into residual oil and crude oil up to 30% of a barrel as a substitute for the oil. The fine particles are so small that they disperse in the petroleum (similar to pigments in ink) and start to flow like a liquid. In addition, the chemistry of the coal hydrocarbons is sufficiently similar to oil that they behave in a very similar manner when combusted or processed in a refinery.

 

Arq Fuel is produced with a lower greenhouse gas profile than traditional fuels and is an alternative low sulphur hydrocarbon which minimises the pollutants emitted during combustion, which addresses tougher regulations such as IMO 2020 for marine fuels.

Arq Technology remediates and reclaims land lost to coal waste through the mining process. Arq uses this environmental liability as a feedstock, which is already above ground and therefore has no environmental costs of extraction.

Arq Fuel is attractive to customers because it can be substituted for crude oil and fuel oil at a much lower cost.

The Company’s products will be blended and sold into the fuel oil and crude oil markets, to be used for power generation, marine fuel and as refining feedstock.

Arq products are sold into the world’s largest commodity market and consequently there are no meaningful restrictions on market size: the oil industry utilises almost five billion tonnes of oil products each year.

The fuel oil and crude oil markets are blended markets, where different grades of oils and fuels are blended to meet customer specifications. Arq Fuel is a new blending component and therefore will require customer acceptance before widespread use.

There are many existing precedents for the market accepting new grades and blending components. In particular, there is currently a shortage of heavy crude oil, due to sanctions and supply disruptions, as well as new regulations limiting sulphur in shipping fuel which have significantly increased the demand for low sulphur fuel oil – these are supportive conditions for Arq Fuel, which can be used as a substitute for heavy crude oil and low sulphur fuel oil.

Arq is focused on delivering products into three global markets:

1. Residual Fuel Oil (RFO) for utilities, which is a 200 million tonne per annum market (4 million bpd) worth approximately $85 billion per annum

2. Marine Bunker Fuel which is also a 200 million tonne per annum market with a similar value.

3. Delayed Coker Feedstock: Extensive testing with third-party labs in the Delayed Coker market has demonstrated that Arq Fuel is able to generate similar refining yields to existing crude and residual oils.

The process is simple and mechanical using off-the-shelf equipment which has been proven in related industries. For example, the milling equipment is used in minerals processing, the separation columns are used in precious metals processing and the drying equipment is used in food processing and pharmaceuticals. None of the equipment is bespoke or unproven at scale.

The process has been vetted by large industrial groups, as well as a number of independent engineering consultants who have undertaken extensive technical due diligence.

Long-term product stability testing for storage and compatibility testing for the fuels supply chain have been completed. Arq has undertaken extensive product testing to prove that Arq Fuel can be used as an additive for RFO for combustion and a feedstock for refining and has also demonstrated near identical combustion performance through engine testing and fuel specification testing has shown specification compliance and acceptable limits for commercial use.

Here are a few quotes from reports written by third party engineering firms

  • “The introduction of the technology and process has the potential to have implications on a global scale”
  • “Arq will reduce the volume of materials reporting to refuse disposal areas, providing a net environmental benefit”
  • “The products have the potential to offer significant commercial advantage”
  • “There is no current competition to the Arq process for conversion of coal or coal discard into hydrocarbons”
  • “The potential market for Arq Fuel is significant”
  • “The processing equipment being employed is commercially proven”