Energy Unbound

Upgrading coal into higher-value oil products.
Download the White Paper

We unlock ultra-pure, high performing hydrocarbons from coal discard

Our patented technology unbinds pure hydrocarbons from coal waste, breaking it down into its elemental parts. Arq Fuels are purified hydrocarbons, which are micronized, high-performing and high-value energy sources.

By eliminating impurities, we have created a completely new category of energy products. This opens up valuable new market opportunities to sell our products as a component of liquid fuels and for specialised industrial processes.

Our solution is radically different to previous attempts to convert coal into liquid fuels. We use advanced chemistry and a highly-efficient mechanical process to separate hydrocarbon from mineral matter. Arq Fuels are an ultra-low-cost alternative to conventional energy.

Making the world’s resources go further

Arq is using cutting-edge technology and scientific rigour to shake up the energy market. We strive to produce the lowest cost energy products, while cleaning up environmental liabilities, to make the world’s resources go further.

We are neither a mining nor oil company, we take nothing out of the earth. We are technology-led innovators applying new processes to extract pure energy from the waste produced as result of coal mining.

There are over 1 billion tonnes of coal waste discarded each year. That’s equivalent to throwing away over 5 million barrels of oil a day. Arq captures that lost energy, reducing an environmental problem and creating an entirely new source of energy.

The energy market’s greatest financial opportunity

Coal is the cheapest and most readily available energy source on earth. It’s also the dirtiest. While natural gas and oil are 99.9% pure when used, coal is often only 60-70% hydrocarbon — the rest being water and mineral matter.

This impurity means oil has consistently been valued at three to nine times higher (based on a unit of energy) than coal for the past 15 years. Our ability to close the difference in the value of a unit of energy produced by coal compared to gas or oil is the greatest financial opportunity in today’s energy market — worth a staggering $2 trillion per annum.

What’s even better, is that we can achieve this while helping to clean up a major environmental problem.

the very best

We have assembled an unprecedented combination of industry leaders from technology, science, energy and finance.
We are focusing this unique range of expertise on answering one question: how can we make the best possible use of the planet’s resources?
Julian McIntyre

Julian is a serial entrepreneur and investor with a unique blend of experience in technology, energy and finance. In technology, Julian founded Gateway Communications, a pan-African telecoms company that was sold to Vodafone. He also established one of the first African pay television platforms that pioneered affordable satellite television.

In energy, he has acquired numerous coal, oil and gas properties. He has owned and operated coal mines throughout Appalachia, was the founder of a large natural gas operator in the Rocky Mountains, and founded Rift Petroleum, an African E&P company that was sold to Tower Resources plc.

In finance, Julian has raised billions of dollars of capital and been an active investor in credit and equity markets through his investment company, McIntyre Partners.

Julian McIntyre

Founder and CEO

Richard Campbell-Breeden

Richard has over 30 years’ experience in finance and private equity.

He joined Goldman Sachs’ Mergers & Acquisitions Department in New York in 1989. He was named Managing Director in 1998 and a partner in 2000. During his 27 years at Goldman Sachs, Richard held a variety senior positions in both Europe and Asia. In Europe, he was co-head of Goldman Sachs’ European Financial Sponsors Group and co-head of UK Investment Banking. From 2008 Richard was vice-chairman of Goldman Sachs’ Investment Banking Division in Asia Pacific Ex-Japan, head of the Mergers & Acquisitions Group in APEJ and chairman of the Industrials Group in APEJ. He served on Goldman Sachs’ Asia Pacific Commitments Committee and the Asia Pacific Client and Business Standards Committee.

Richard started his career at 3i and earned an MBA from INSEAD.

Richard Campbell-Breeden


R. William West

Bill has 30 years’ experience in mining and heavy construction.

As CEO, Bill is responsible for the overall domestic US operations of the company and its related subsidiaries.

Bill is a senior partner at Millstone, a company that provides research, advisory services and strategic planning to various industries on non-traditional projects, risk management, distressed assets, resource management, and organizational and marketing strategies.

Bill was also vice president at Battle Ridge Companies’ Heavy-Highway Group responsible for heavy-highway construction, mine construction, site construction and mining reclamation.

Bill attended Eastern Kentucky University.

R. William West


Michael Treanor

Mike has 30 years’ experience in energy and finance with Shell and Siemens.

At Shell, Mike spent several years in oil trading before becoming the Head of Downstream M&A, CEO of Shell Capital, and then CEO of the Gas (LPG) business.

For four years he was the CEO of the Shell Coal business. At that time Shell Coal produced 30mtpa, marketed almost 100mtpa, successfully developed the Moranbah hard coking coal mine in Queensland and entered China with Shell Coal Gasification Technology.

Mike was formerly CEO of Siemens Financial Services GmbH.

Michael Treanor

MD International Business

Paul Snaith

Paul Snaith has 30 years’ experience in the energy business. He was previously Managing Director of Shell Research Ltd. and Vice President Downstream Marketing. He led Research and Development for Shell’s global Retail, Aviation, Marine, Commercial, LPG, Bitumen and Lubricant businesses.

Paul held a variety of business roles at Shell including Lubricant Product Manager in France, Global Fuels Management roles in the UK, Sales and Marketing Director in Oman and General Manager for Shell’s LPG businesses in the Mediterranean, African and South American regions. He was also Marketing Vice President for the global LPG business. He was previously President and CEO of Joule Unlimited Inc., an alternative fuels company.

Paul is a fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry and sat on the RSC’s Council.

Paul Snaith

MD Oil Products & CTO

Coy K. Lane

Prior to Arq, CK was Managing Member of CKL Consulting, LLC serving the mining and energy industry. He has over 34 years’ experience in mining, ranging from hourly employee to COO and Senior VP managing 2,400 employees.

He is a licensed Professional Engineer and former West Virginia Mine Foreman. He is a past chairman of the Society of Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration, Central Appalachian Section, past chairman of the Kentucky Coal Association and a member of the King Coal Club and Old Timers Club.

CK graduated summa cum laude with a BSc in Mining Engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. He was awarded the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers (AIME) Old Timers Award in 1982.

Coy K. Lane

Head of Operations US

Paul Groves

Paul Groves has over 30 years’ experience in the Energy & Resources markets. As Managing Director of Petrofac, Paul ran a global business focused on the Oil & Gas services market. Prior to Petrofac, Paul held a number of roles within Shell, his last being Commercial Director for Shell’s Gas-to-Liquids $20bn venture in Qatar. Previously, Paul spent time running a number of businesses within British Gas/BG Group and established several new businesses for Alcan Aluminium.

Paul is a physicist/materials professional, with several degrees from the University of Oxford where he also held an academic post. He sits on a number of boards and chairs a national UK charity.

Paul Groves


Venkat Siva

Venkat is a successful investor and fund manager, having managed MWB Capital’s liquid / illiquids portfolio since 2009. At MWB, he led the due-diligence, deal execution and investment management efforts across several transactions in the energy, bulk commodities and infrastructure sectors. Prior to this, Venkat worked as a corporate finance banker within Goldman Sachs’ M&A franchise.

During his tenure at Goldman, he advised some of the UK’s leading blue-chip and mid-cap companies, including Cadbury’s, Tesco’s, and the BBC, amongst others, on issues relating to M&A, fundraising, restructuring and strategy. Venkat previously worked for Motorola in Singapore, and holds an MBA from the Indian Institute of Management.

Venkat Siva


Tom Tudor

Before joining Arq, Tom spent the last decade building technology brands and communications teams across emerging markets. In the last 5 years Tom has rebranded some of Africa’s largest telecoms companies; worked with media and TV companies in Europe and Asia, all the time developing a reputation for crafting brands that punch way above their weight.

Representing the likes of Vodafone, HKT, PCCW Global and Liquid Telecom, Tom knows how to effectively harmonise international communications and multinational teams to allow them to pull in one direction.

Regardless of the project, Tom is always focused on making the complex simple.

Tom Tudor

Head of Brand & Communications

Transforming energy for the people and the planet

With limited reserves of fossil fuels and sustainable energy not yet widespread, the way we use energy needs a fundamental rethink. Getting more from less is the future of good energy.

Arq makes hydrocarbons go further. We take waste out of energy processes, to enhance value for everyone, and to make better use of the world’s resources.

Before Arq, coal waste was a major environmental problem. Now, we’re using and reducing that liability to create an extremely cheap and abundant source of refined hydrocarbon fuels. Arq technology is moving towards a sustainable future: energy unbound.

Arq Fuels - micro-fine hydrocarbons

Arq Fuel Oil™ is a micro-fine purified hydrocarbon product for blending with residual fuel oil for the utility market to meet the main specification parameters in internationally recognised standards..

Arq Marine™ is a micro-fine purified hydrocarbon product for blending with bunker fuel for the marine market to meet the main specification parameters in internationally recognised standards..

The Arq team is currently working with specialist partners in development of Arq CrudeArq Crude® is a micronized hydrocarbon product for blending with crude oil to maximise profitability for oil refineries.

Arq Fuels - our solid hydrocarbons

Arq Met™ is a high-quality solid refined hydrocarbon pellet for blending with metallurgical coals to enhance product performance in the steel-making process.

Arq Thermal™ is a high-performance solid purified hydrocarbon pellet for blending with thermal coals to increase efficiency and reduce emissions for energy utilities companies.

  • The process

    Arq patented energy technology, ‘entech’, refines coal discard
    to create high value purified hydrocarbon fuel products.
  • 1



    Our process begins with reclaiming coal waste

    Coal refuse is reclaimed efficiently and safely from environmental liabilities using equipment best suited to each site. Alternatively, it can be reclaimed directly from coal mine underflow, delivered to Arq by our mining partners.

  • 2



    Getting the most out of coal refuse with micronization

    The sizing process creates a micro-particle system through a series of advanced milling techniques to enable the liberation of hydrocarbons from mineral matter.

  • 3



    Removing the inorganic impurities

    Arq’s proprietary micro-separation isolates the hydrocarbon from the mineral matter through advanced chemistry and flotation technology. This removes more than 99% of the impurities.

  • 4



    We remove 98% of the moisture from our purified hydrocarbon

    Ultra-efficient mechanical de-watering and thermal drying creates a purified hydrocarbon product containing less than 2% moisture.

  • 5

    Product finishing

    Product finishing

    Blending or pelletizing

    The output is conditioned to create a purified hydrocarbon fuel as either a blend component for Arq Fuel Oil™, Arq Marine™ and in the future Arq Crude™; or as a solid pellet for Arq Met™ and Arq Thermal™ products.


Corbin Project

We are currently in the construction phase of the Corbin Project, located adjacent to the town of Corbin, Kentucky. The first phase of this project is fully funded and will produce just over 1 million tonnes in 12 years.

The second phase will produce a further 7 million tonnes of Arq Fuels which will be blended into fuel oil, used for power generation and offered into the speciality markets.

Corbin Project

Other projects

As well as the several sites we own and control, we have an ongoing programme to identify new sites and supply side partnerships which will most benefit from our technology. These include several international partnership agreements with some of the world’s leading coal companies.

These also include independent sites, whose acquisition will help secure our product for the future.

Other projects

International projects

International expansion plans are already underway in Australia, Europe, South Africa, and India. Joint venture discussions are in progress with major international partners worldwide.

International projects

Key stats

  • +

    coal discard sites in the United States.

  • bn

    tonnes of coal discard produced worldwide every year.

  • %

    of Saudi Arabia’s reserves is the equivalent energy trapped in global slurry lakes.

  • %

    pure hydrocarbon released by Arq from coal mining discard.

  • $tn

    market opportunity.

White Paper

In this first White Paper: ‘Microfine hydrocarbon: a novel approach to upgrading coal into higher-value oil products,’ Arq outlines the process it has developed for manufacturing microfine hydrocarbon from coal and coal discard. Arq’s radical new approach for blending coal into liquid fuel oils overcomes the challenges of the past in upgrading coil waste. This is achieved at capital and operational expenditures that are orders of magnitude lower than any previous attempt.

The White Paper establishes the commercial viability of Arq Fuels™, and evidences how both Arq Fuel Oil™ and Arq Marine™ meet the relevant technical specifications for entry into the stationary and marine RFO markets.

Download the White paper


Our unique process separates coal discard into its pure hydrocarbon and mineral fractions. Key elements of the technology and products are patent protected.

Arq purified hydrocarbon fuels are sold to the power and steel-making industries, and as a blending feedstock for liquid fuels.

Arq solid fuels are a highly calorific, low-impurity, and cleaner burning source of energy. They deliver significant efficiency improvements to our partners and industrial and utility customers throughout the value chain, including logistical, financial, environmental and other benefits.

We are the lowest cost producer of the highest quality solid hydrocarbons, delivering a superior value proposition to any of our competitors in the traditional mining or energy sectors.

The removal of moisture and non-hydrocarbon particles prior to combustion significantly improves our products’ environmental footprint.

Coal is the world’s most abundant and lowest cost fuel, with nearly 8 billon tonnes consumed every year. Our technology will reignite the energy market by addressing the significant environmental and regulatory headwinds faced by the coal sector. The vast resources of coal discard available worldwide (more than 10 billion tonnes in the US alone), represent an extensive, low cost feedstock for our patented Arq Technology™.